I think you are mixing up color space with paper profiles.
Color space is something you select for your camera and your post processing. It does impact the way you view color, and therefore how you edit. But it is possible to select a color space that cannot be viewed on your monitor. Normally your color space would be either sRGB or AdobeRGB. sRGB is the narrowest space and is suitable for the web and printing. AdobeRGB increases the colors and is a bit better for printing if you have a printer that can use the additional gamut. using SRGB is the easiest at first, but at some point you might choose to use Adobe RGB or other wide color spaces if you can use the extra data. A wide color space may also reduce banding.
If you are doing your own printing, you need to think about how your printer applies ink. Different printers have different ink sets, and therefore different combinations of inks to render colors in an image.
The ICC profiles in this post refer to paper profiles. Each paper has a different level of absorption when ink is applied, and paper may have a color tint. ICC profiles are used to tell your computer and printer how the paper will respond to ink, and therefore how much ink to apply.